Mustang Oklahoma is a quickly growing city in the southeast corner of Canadian County, Oklahoma, United States. It is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 17,395 at the 2010 census, a 32.2 percent increase from 13,156 at the 2000 census. The city is now primarily known as a bedroom community for Oklahoma City.
The Mustang post office was established in 1895, but the town was not formally established until Charles G. Jones, former mayor of Oklahoma City, filed the plat in November, 1901. During that same year, the Oklahoma City and Western Railroad (acquired later by the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, (Frisco) built a line from Oklahoma City to Chickasha that passed through Mustang.
Mustang is located at 35°23′34″N 97°43′22″W (35.392644, -97.722905).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles (31 km2), of which, 12.0 square miles (31 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.25% water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,156 people, 4,721 households, and 3,800 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,095.9 people per square mile (422.9/km²). There were 4,930 housing units at an average density of 410.7 per square mile (158.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.63% White, 0.59% African American, 3.33% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 3.08% from two or more races. 3.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,721 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,284, and the median income for a family was $53,018. Males had a median income of $36,406 versus $24,856 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,860. 5.6% of the population and 4.0% of families were below the poverty line. 7.6% of those under the age of 18 and 8.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Mustang’s economy was based on agriculture until the middle of the 20th Century. Major crops included wheat, oats, corn, cotton, sweet potatoes, watermelons, and cantaloupes. Until the 1920s peach and other fruit orchards were the primary crops for local farmers. Truck farming remained prevalent into the 1940s, when the dairy and beef industry gained supremacy. In the 1960s, the town began evolving into a bedroom community for Oklahoma City.